Paula Modersohn-Becker, Selbstbildnis mit zwei Blumen in der erhobenen linken Hand (Self-Portrait with Two Flowers in Her Raised Left Hand), 1907.

THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, GIFT OF DEBRA AND LEON BLACK, AND NEUE GALERIE, GIFT OF RONALD S. LAUDER

The Museum of Modern Art and the Neue Galerie in New York have jointly acquired a 1907 self-portrait by Paula Modersohn-Becker, the early 20th-century German painter whose work has recently gotten a reappraisal by critics and historians. ARTnews “Top 200” collectors Debra and Leon Black donated the work, titled Selbstbildnis mit zwei Blumen in der erhobenen linken Hand (Self-Portrait with Two Flowers in Her Raised Left Hand), to MoMA, and Ronald S. Lauder, also a “Top 200” collector, gave it to the Neue Galerie.

The acquisition marks the first self-portrait by Modersohn-Becker to be added to a U.S. museum collection. The painting will go on view tomorrow in MoMA’s fifth-floor galleries, where it will be the oldest piece by a woman on view.

Long written out of art history, which has often paid more attention to her male colleagues, Modersohn-Becker is now considered an important member of the German avant-garde in the early 20th-century. Over the course of her short career (she died at age 31 in 1907, following an embolism in her leg), she produced more than 700 paintings, many of which have wound up in European institutions.

The 1907 self-portrait depicts Modersohn-Becker while she was pregnant—her hand appears to rest on her stomach, which exists somewhere outside the painting’s view. With its minimalist geometries and its blocks of color, it draws on the influence of Fauvism and anticipates the beginnings of German Expressionism.

“She’s certainly one of the most important woman artists of the first decade of the 20th century, and a really important figure in that beginning moment of German Expressionism,” Ann Temkin, the chief curator of MoMA’s painting and sculpture department, said in a phone interview. The self-portrait, Temkin said, “adds a vital part of history” to the museum’s holdings from that period.